Eritrea Travel Guide on a Budget

Eritrea Travel Guide on a Budget

Eritrea, a small country located in the Horn of Africa, boasts a rich history and a unique blend of cultures. With its stunning landscapes, vibrant cities, and warm, hospitable people, Eritrea is an off-the-beaten-path destination that offers a wealth of experiences for budget travelers. This guide will provide tips and suggestions for exploring Eritrea on a budget, including accommodations, transportation, food, attractions, and more.

Planning Your Trip

Visa and entry requirements: Most visitors to Eritrea will require a visa, which should be obtained in advance from an Eritrean embassy or consulate. Be sure to research and fulfill all necessary visa requirements before your trip.

Safety and travel advisories: It is important to stay informed about current travel advisories and safety recommendations for Eritrea. Consult your country’s travel advisory website and follow any guidance provided.

Currency and exchange rates: The currency in Eritrea is the Nakfa (ERN). Familiarize yourself with the current exchange rate and plan your budget accordingly. It is recommended to exchange money at banks or authorized exchange bureaus, as the black market exchange rate can be unreliable and risky.


Budget accommodations in Eritrea are available in the form of guesthouses, budget hotels, and hostels. In larger cities like Asmara, you can find a range of options to suit different budgets. In smaller towns and rural areas, accommodations may be more limited, but still affordable. To save money, consider the following tips:

Book accommodations in advance to secure the best rates and availability.

Opt for guesthouses or budget hotels with shared bathroom facilities, as these are typically cheaper than those with private bathrooms.
Look for accommodations that include breakfast, as this can save you money on meals.


Public transportation is the most budget-friendly way to travel within Eritrea. Buses and shared taxis (known as “line taxis”) connect major cities and towns. Keep the following tips in mind for budget-friendly transportation:

Be prepared for crowded and sometimes uncomfortable conditions on public transportation.

Travel during off-peak hours to avoid traffic and secure better prices for shared taxis.

Consider renting a bicycle to explore cities and nearby attractions at a low cost.

Food and Dining

Eritrean cuisine is a delicious blend of African, Middle Eastern, and Mediterranean influences. Eating local food is not only an essential part of the travel experience but also a budget-friendly way to enjoy meals in Eritrea. Some tips for eating on a budget include:

Eat at local restaurants and cafes, where you can enjoy traditional Eritrean dishes at affordable prices.

Sample street food, such as injera (a spongy, fermented bread), tsebhi (spicy meat stew), and shiro (a thick stew made from ground chickpeas or lentils).

Visit local markets to purchase fresh fruits, vegetables, and snacks for picnics or self-catering.

Attractions and Activities

Eritrea offers a wealth of cultural and natural attractions for budget travelers. Here are some suggestions for free or low-cost activities:

Historic sites: Eritrea is home to numerous historic sites, including the ancient port city of Adulis, the archaeological site of Qohaito, and the art deco architecture of Asmara. Many of these sites can be visited for free or at a low cost.

Museums: Eritrea’s museums offer insights into the country’s history and culture. The National Museum of Eritrea in Asmara is a must-visit and charges a nominal entrance fee.

Outdoor activities: Eritrea’s diverse landscapes provide opportunities for hiking, birdwatching, and wildlife spotting. Here are some suggestions for outdoor activities:

Hiking: Eritrea offers a range of hiking opportunities, from the scenic hills and valleys surrounding Asmara to the rugged mountains of the Gash-Barka region. Some popular hiking destinations include the Filfil Solomuna National Park, the Semenawi Bahri National Park, and the Denkalia desert region.

Birdwatching: Eritrea is a paradise for birdwatchers, with over 500 bird species found in the country. The Senafe-Barentu birding route in the western lowlands is a popular destination for birdwatching, as well as the coastal areas around Massawa and Dahlak Island.

Wildlife spotting: Eritrea’s national parks and reserves are home to a variety of wildlife, including baboons, hyenas, jackals, and antelopes. The Gash-Barka region is particularly known for its wildlife, with the Gash-Barka Wildlife Reserve and the Keren-Kelam Wildlife Reserve being popular destinations for safari tours.

Cultural Experiences

Eritrea’s unique blend of cultures and traditions is a fascinating aspect of the country’s identity. Here are some suggestions for experiencing Eritrea’s culture:

Attend a cultural festival: Eritrea hosts a number of cultural festivals throughout the year, including the Independence Day celebrations in May, the Massawa International Film Festival in July, and the Asmara Theatre Festival in August. These festivals offer a chance to experience Eritrean music, dance, food, and traditions.

Visit local villages: Eritrea’s rural villages offer a glimpse into traditional ways of life, including farming, weaving, and pottery making. Visitors can interact with locals, sample traditional foods, and learn about the history and culture of the region.

Participate in a coffee ceremony: Coffee is an important part of Eritrean culture, and the coffee ceremony is a ritualistic process of roasting, grinding, and brewing coffee that is typically performed in homes and cafes. Visitors can participate in a coffee ceremony and learn about the cultural significance of coffee in Eritrea.


Eritrea is a unique and fascinating destination that offers a range of experiences for budget travelers. With its rich history, diverse landscapes, and vibrant culture, Eritrea is a hidden gem that is worth exploring. By following these tips and suggestions for traveling on a budget, you can make the most of your trip to Eritrea without breaking the bank.