Songkran Festival Travel User Guide

Songkran Festival Travel User Guide

Songkran Festival, Thailand’s traditional New Year celebration, is a vibrant and lively event that draws both locals and international travelers. The festivities take place over several days in April, with the most famous aspect being the countrywide water fights. This travel user guide will provide you with all the information you need to make the most of your Songkran Festival experience, including the history and significance of the event, essential tips for participating, and recommendations for the best places to celebrate.

The History and Significance of Songkran Festival

Songkran Festival is rooted in Buddhist and Hindu traditions, marking the beginning of the solar calendar and the start of the new year. The word “Songkran” is derived from the Sanskrit word “saṃkrānti,” which means “astrological passage” or “transformation.” Historically, Songkran was a time for families to come together, pay respects to their ancestors, and engage in religious rituals.

Water is a central symbol of Songkran, representing purification, renewal, and the washing away of sins and bad luck. The water fights that have become synonymous with the modern Songkran Festival are a playful extension of this symbolism, with participants dousing each other in water as a form of blessing and well-wishing for the new year.

Essential Tips for Participating in Songkran Festival

a. Dress Appropriately

While Songkran is a fun and lively event, it is essential to remember its cultural and religious significance. When participating in the water fights or attending temple ceremonies, dress modestly and respectfully. Lightweight, quick-drying clothes are ideal, as you will inevitably get wet. It’s also a good idea to wear waterproof shoes or sandals.

b. Protect Your Valuables

Water is everywhere during Songkran, so it’s crucial to protect your valuables, including your phone, wallet, and passport. Use waterproof bags or cases to keep your belongings safe and dry. If you plan on taking photos, consider investing in a waterproof camera or phone case.

c. Stay Hydrated and Wear Sunscreen

April is one of the hottest months in Thailand, with temperatures often soaring above 30°C (86°F). Make sure to drink plenty of water to stay hydrated, and apply sunscreen regularly to protect your skin from the sun’s harmful rays.

d. Learn Some Basic Thai Phrases

Knowing a few basic Thai phrases can enhance your Songkran experience and help you connect with the local people. Some useful phrases include “Sawasdee” (hello), “Khob khun” (thank you), and “Suk san wan Songkran” (happy Songkran day).

e. Be Respectful of Local Customs and Traditions

While the water fights are a major highlight of Songkran, the festival is also an important time for Thais to engage in religious rituals and honor their ancestors. Be respectful of these customs and traditions, and avoid engaging in water fights near temples or other sacred sites.

Best Places to Celebrate Songkran Festival

a. Bangkok

Thailand’s bustling capital city, Bangkok, offers some of the most lively and energetic Songkran celebrations. Key areas to join the festivities include Silom Road, Khao San Road, and Central World shopping mall. In addition to the water fights, you can also witness traditional Songkran processions, cultural performances, and religious ceremonies at various temples around the city.

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b. Chiang Mai

Chiang Mai, located in northern Thailand, is another top destination for Songkran celebrations. The city’s Old Town becomes a lively battleground for water fights, with locals and tourists alike taking part in the festivities. The Tha Pae Gate area is particularly popular, featuring live music, food stalls, and a vibrant atmosphere. Chiang Mai also hosts a unique Songkran tradition called the “Poy Sang Long” parade, where young boys dressed as princes are carried on the shoulders of their relatives as they prepare to be ordained as novice monks.

c. Pattaya

Pattaya, a coastal city known for its beautiful beaches and thriving nightlife, offers an extended Songkran celebration called “Wan Lai.” The festivities in Pattaya usually last for a week, giving visitors plenty of opportunities to participate in the water fights, watch traditional parades, and sample delicious Thai street food.

d. Ayutthaya

For a more cultural and historical Songkran experience, head to the ancient city of Ayutthaya, a UNESCO World Heritage site. Here, you can witness the traditional procession of elaborately decorated elephants, which are also playfully involved in the water fights. Visiting the ancient temples and participating in the religious rituals adds a unique dimension to your Songkran celebrations.

e. Phuket

Phuket, Thailand’s largest island, is another popular destination for Songkran. Patong Beach is the epicenter of the action, with lively water fights, music, and entertainment throughout the day. In addition to the beachside festivities, you can also explore the island’s many temples and engage in traditional Songkran rituals.

Safety Tips for Songkran Festival

a. Be Cautious of Slippery Surfaces

With water being thrown and sprayed everywhere, surfaces can become slippery and potentially hazardous. Be cautious when walking on wet streets and always wear non-slip shoes to minimize the risk of accidents.

b. Avoid Drinking Tap Water

While water fights are a key part of Songkran, it’s important to avoid drinking tap water or any water that isn’t from a sealed bottle. This will help prevent waterborne illnesses and ensure that you stay healthy throughout the festivities.

c. Be Aware of Pickpockets

Like any major event, Songkran can attract pickpockets who take advantage of the crowds and distractions. Keep your valuables secure in waterproof bags, and be mindful of your surroundings at all times.

d. Follow Road Safety Rules

During Songkran, the roads can become chaotic, with people celebrating and water being splashed everywhere. If you’re riding a scooter or motorbike, wear a helmet, and exercise extra caution to avoid accidents. Avoid driving under the influence of alcohol and adhere to local traffic laws.


The Songkran Festival is a unique and exhilarating experience that should not be missed when visiting Thailand in April. By understanding the cultural and religious significance of the event, following essential safety tips, and choosing the best locations to celebrate, you’ll be well-prepared to make the most of your Songkran adventure. So pack your bags, prepare to get wet, and embrace the joy and camaraderie of Thailand’s most beloved festival.