List of cities and towns in the Netherlands

List of cities and towns in the Netherlands

The Netherlands, often colloquially referred to as Holland, is a densely populated country in Western Europe. With its rich history, iconic windmills, tulip fields, canals, and cycling routes, it is a captivating destination for travelers and historians alike. While most people are familiar with major cities like Amsterdam and Rotterdam, the Netherlands is home to a vast number of charming cities and towns, each offering a unique blend of history, culture, and modernity. Here’s an overview of some of the notable cities and towns in the Netherlands:


Overview: The capital city of the Netherlands, Amsterdam is famous for its artistic heritage, elaborate canal system, narrow houses with gabled facades, and vibrant nightlife.

Key attractions: The Van Gogh Museum, Anne Frank House, and the Red Light district.


Overview: Known for its modern architecture and maritime heritage, Rotterdam is a dynamic city with a bold and innovative architectural character.

Key attractions: Cube houses (Kubuswoningen), Erasmus Bridge, and Maritime Museum.


Overview: One of the country’s oldest cities, Utrecht is known for its central position in the Netherlands, ancient architecture, and its canal-lined streets.

Key attractions: Utrecht’s Dom Tower, Museum Speelklok, and Centraal Museum.

The Hague (Den Haag)

Overview: The administrative capital of the country, The Hague is the seat of the Dutch government and the residence of the royal family.

Key attractions: Madurodam, Binnenhof & Ridderzaal, and Mauritshuis Museum.


Overview: A lively student city, Groningen offers a mix of historic and contemporary cultural spots.

Key attractions: Groninger Museum, Martinitoren, and Noorderplantsoen park.


Overview: One of the oldest cities in the country, Maastricht is known for its medieval architecture and vibrant cultural scene.

Key attractions: Basilica of St. Servatius, Vrijthof Square, and the underground marlstone caves.


Overview: Often called the “Silicon Valley of Europe”, Eindhoven is a technology and design hub.

Key attractions: Van Abbemuseum, Strijp-S, and Philips Museum.


Overview: Recognized as the oldest city in the Netherlands, Nijmegen offers a rich history dating back to Roman times.

Key attractions: Valkhof Museum, Goffertpark, and Nijmegen’s Waalkade riverbank area.


Overview: Known for its open-air museum and the Battle of Arnhem during World War II, Arnhem offers a blend of history and nature.

Key attractions: The Dutch Open Air Museum, Burgers’ Zoo, and Hoge Veluwe National Park.


Overview: Often called the “City of Keys”, Leiden is renowned for its old university and beautiful canals.

Key attractions: Leiden University, Naturalis Biodiversity Center, and Hortus Botanicus.


Overview: Famous for its blue pottery, Delft is a picturesque town with canals, historic buildings, and a rich artistic history.

Key attractions: The Old and New Churches, Royal Delft Factory, and Prinsenhof Museum.


Overview: Just a short train ride from Amsterdam, Haarlem offers historic charm and a more relaxed vibe.

Key attractions: Frans Hals Museum, Grote Kerk, and Teylers Museum.


Overview: Famous for its cheese market, Alkmaar offers picturesque canals and historic buildings.

Key attractions: Alkmaar Cheese Market, Stedelijk Museum, and the Alkmaar windmills.


Overview: A historic city known for its castle and parks.

Key attractions: Breda Castle, Grote Markt, and Breda’s Begijnhof Museum.


Overview: A vibrant city with a rich industrial history.

Key attractions: Textile Museum, De Pont Museum, and Spoorpark.

The Netherlands is more than just its large cities. There are countless small towns and villages like Volendam, Marken, Giethoorn, and Zaanse Schans that are brimming with character and Dutch charm. Each of these towns offers a unique perspective on Dutch life, history, and culture.

From bustling urban centers to serene countryside towns, the Netherlands is a diverse country that celebrates both its rich history and its forward-thinking modernity. Whether you’re interested in history, art, technology, or nature, there’s a city or town in the Netherlands waiting for you to explore. The country’s efficient public transportation system also makes it easy for visitors to travel between cities and regions, offering a comprehensive view of all the Netherlands has to offer.


Overview: Situated in the northeastern part of the country, Zwolle is a lively Hanseatic city with a rich history and dynamic culinary scene.

Key attractions: Museum De Fundatie, Sassenpoort, and the bookshop Waanders In de Broeren.

‘s-Hertogenbosch (Den Bosch)

Overview: Known for its medieval architecture and rich cultural scene.

Key attractions: Saint John’s Cathedral, Jheronimus Bosch Art Center, and a boat trip on the Binnendieze.


Overview: Located in the heart of the Veluwe region, Apeldoorn offers a mix of nature and royalty.

Key attractions: Paleis Het Loo, Apenheul Primate Park, and Kroller-Muller Museum.


Overview: With medieval streets, Amersfoort boasts a rich history and is considered a central hub due to its geographical location.

Key attractions: The Onze Lieve Vrouwetoren, Mondriaan House, and the historic Koppelpoort.


Overview: A major city in the eastern Netherlands known for its lively events and technological university.

Key attractions: Rijksmuseum Twenthe, Roombeek, and Grolsch brewery tours.


Overview: Renowned globally for its cheese, Gouda is also a city of beautiful canals and historic buildings.

Key attractions: Gouda Cheese Market, Sint-Janskerk, and Museum Gouda.


Overview: The cultural capital of Europe in 2018, Leeuwarden is the provincial capital of Friesland and offers a mix of Frisian history and contemporary culture.

Key attractions: Fries Museum, Oldehove tower, and the Princessehof National Museum of Ceramics.


Overview: The capital of Zeeland, Middelburg boasts beautiful historic buildings and a maritime heritage.

Key attractions: Abbey of Middelburg, Zeeuws Museum, and the old town with its market square.


Overview: A harbor town known for its maritime character and beautiful beachfront.

Key attractions: Maritime MuZEEum, Reptile Zoo Iguana, and Vlissingen’s promenade.


Overview: An island city embraced by wide rivers, Dordrecht is one of the oldest towns in Holland.

Key attractions: Dordrechts Museum, Grote Kerk, and Thure Drupsteen’s house.


Overview: Named after the engineer Cornelis Lely, Lelystad offers modernity and is known for its large nature parks and harbors.

Key attractions: Batavia Wharf, Nieuw Land Heritage Center, and Oostvaardersplassen nature reserve.


Overview: The capital of Drenthe, Assen is known for its motorsport races and historical sites.

Key attractions: Drents Museum, TT Circuit Assen, and the ancient dolmens nearby.


Overview: Known for its industrial heritage, Helmond offers a mix of historic charm and modern developments.

Key attractions: Helmond Castle, Museum Helmond, and the Brandevoort district.


Overview: Located on the river Maas, Venlo is a vibrant city known for its green developments and Maaspoort events.

Key attractions: Limburgs Museum, St. Martinus Church, and Julianapark.


Overview: Once a Roman settlement, Heerlen is now known for its modern urban developments and coal mining heritage.

Key attractions: Thermen Museum, Parkstad Limburg Theaters, and Mondo Verde.

From charming coastal towns to vibrant urban centers, the cities and towns of the Netherlands capture the essence of Dutch life. The country’s compact nature ensures that, even in the lesser-known towns, there’s a plethora of history, culture, and natural beauty waiting to be explored. Moreover, each city and town carries its own set of festivals, traditions, and events, ensuring that no two visits are ever the same. Whether it’s the tulip season, carnival festivities, cheese markets, or contemporary art events, the Netherlands offers an experience for every kind of traveler.