What do I need to know before going to Medellin Colombia?


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What do I need to know before going to Medellin Colombia?

Traveling to a new place can be an exhilarating experience, full of opportunities for exploration and cultural exchange. But to make the most of your trip, it’s important to prepare and know what to expect. Medellín, Colombia’s second-largest city, is no exception. Known as the “City of Eternal Spring” for its pleasant climate, it’s a city steeped in history and culture, with modern urban landscapes nestled among verdant mountains. Here’s what you need to know before you go.

Understanding Medellín

To appreciate Medellín fully, it’s important to understand its history and the significant strides it has made over the past few decades. Once notorious as one of the world’s most dangerous cities due to drug-related violence in the late 20th century, Medellín has undergone a remarkable transformation. Today, it’s a vibrant, innovative metropolis known for its commitment to urban development, public transportation, and social programs. This turnaround has been dubbed the “Medellín Miracle,” a testament to the resilience and tenacity of its people.

Language and Communication

Spanish is the official language of Colombia, and while English is spoken in tourist areas and by some younger Colombians, it’s a good idea to learn some basic Spanish phrases. Not only will this make your interactions smoother, but it also shows respect for the local culture.


Despite its significant improvements, safety concerns can still arise. It’s important to stay alert and take precautions, particularly in crowded places and at night. Avoid displaying expensive items and carry only the cash you need. It’s also advised to use official taxis or reputable ride-share services for transportation. Though Medellín is generally safe, there are neighborhoods known for higher crime rates, and it’s best to avoid these areas unless accompanied by a local or guide.


The Colombian peso (COP) is the official currency. Credit cards are widely accepted in larger establishments, but it’s useful to carry some cash for smaller vendors, particularly in more rural or less touristy areas. ATMs are readily available and typically offer the best exchange rates.

Climate and What to Wear

Medellín is known as the “City of Eternal Spring” because of its consistent, mild climate, with average temperatures ranging from 64°F to 82°F (18°C to 28°C) year-round. However, it can get cooler in the evenings and during the rainy seasons (April-May and October-November), so pack a light jacket or sweater. Also, remember that Medellín is in the Andes Mountains, so if you’re planning on exploring outside the city, bring hiking shoes and gear.

Food and Water

Colombian cuisine is varied and delicious, but it’s important to take some precautions. Street food, while often tasty, can sometimes lead to stomach issues for those unaccustomed. Stick to places that look clean and busy, as high turnover means food is less likely to sit around. Tap water in Medellín is generally safe to drink, but if you have a sensitive stomach, you might want to stick to bottled water.

Cultural Etiquette

Colombians are known for their friendliness and hospitality. When meeting people, a handshake is common, but close friends and family members often greet each other with a hug and a cheek kiss. Tipping is customary in restaurants (usually around 10%) and for services such as guided tours.

Festivals and Public Holidays

There are several festivals and public holidays throughout the year in Medellín. One of the most famous is La Feria de las Flores (The Flower Festival), held in August, where you can witness stunning floral displays, traditional music, and parades. Be aware that during these times, the city can be more crowded, and prices may rise.

Tourist Attractions

Medellín offers a wealth of attractions. Visit the bustling Plaza Botero, home to 23 bronze sculptures by renowned artist Fernando Botero. For a breathtaking view of the city, ride the Medellín Metrocable, a gondola system that’s part of the city’s public transportation network. Don’t miss Parque Explora, a science and technology museum with South America’s largest freshwater aquarium. History buffs should visit Casa de la Memoria, a museum dedicated to the memory of victims of the armed conflict in Colombia.

Medical Precautions

Before traveling to Medellín, make sure you’re up-to-date on routine vaccines. While no specific vaccines are required for Colombia, some, like typhoid and hepatitis A, are recommended for most travelers, especially if you plan to venture outside major cities.

Visa and Passport Requirements

For most tourists, a visa isn’t required for stays of up to 90 days. However, your passport should be valid for at least six months from your planned date of departure from Colombia. It’s always a good idea to check the latest information from your country’s embassy or consulate before you travel.

Remember, while preparation is important, the unexpected is part of the adventure. Approach Medellín with an open mind and heart, ready to absorb all the experiences this incredible city has to offer. Happy travels!